In 1607 England settled its first colony in what would later become the United States. Aptly named, they provided a perfect nucleus for English America. England is divided up into nine regions, Scotland into 32 council areas, Wales into 22 authorities, and Northern Ireland into 26 districts. The wood was used to build the homes of New England. Cold winters reduced the … By seventeen twenty, it had more than ten thousand people. New France A map of French-controlled territory in … Soil was generally poor and rocky, making farming difficult. By the 1630s, the population in and around Boston had grown so dense that settlers began to spread out throughout southern New England, concentrating their settlements along navigable river valleys such as those in Connecticut. The famous Triangle Trade occurred in the New England colonies where enslaved people were bartered in the West Indies for molasses. Despite the privations of 1620, the Puritans founded colonies that thrived and their success depended on fishing, shipbuilding, trade and farming. The Colonies of New England consisted of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. England grew wealthy from trading in tobacco from the Americas, slaves from Africa, and spices from India. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops. Each country has its own way of forming administrative divisions of the government. Land was flat close to the coastline but became hilly and mountainous farther inland. Over the next 300 years, England established a huge worldwide empire of colonies. By 1630, their numbers were such that the Puritans were able to establish the Massachusetts Bay Company and establish Boston, which was to grow as a major port. Geography led New England to develop into a commercial and industrial region. The move into the valley was part of a general movement out of the Massachusetts colony. New England flourished instead of fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering, and fur trading along with trading goods with Europe. The forests also became the source of one of the most important New England industries- shipbuilding. The forest provided a fertile source for hunting, as well as a source for wood. Settled in 1652 by Plymouth colonists, New Bedford was originally a fishing community that grew into a whaling port and shipbuilding site. Landholdings were generally farms of 40 to 160 acres, owned by the family that worked them. One well-known opponent of the Stamp Act was Danial Dulany of Annapolis. Today, New Bedford is a quintessential New England seaport and one of America’s major fishing ports. New England Colonies Colonies - Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut Climate/Geography – Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. The land and climate doesn't support large … Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. Life in the Northern Colonies. Aspects of New England shipbuilding and lumbering and the large farms of the South could be found. New Englanders also benefited from a rich forest that covered much of New England. In 1600 the British East India Company established trading posts in India. In New York’s Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch poltroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. 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